Does My Albuquerque Basement Need Them?
A finished basement can be one of the easiest ways to add more space to your Albuquerque home. It can be an an ideal area for bedrooms, a family room or a playroom.
As you plan your basement remodeling project, take into account that you may need to install larger windows. Egress windows are large openings that provide another way out in an emergency. They can also add more natural light and make your basement feel more welcoming.
Basement bedrooms and living spaces are required to have egress windows. Living areas can be offices, TV rooms or workshops. This mandate also involves unfinished basements.
Why Are Egress Windows Important?
Basement fires occur frequently, with firefighters being called to about 6,500 of them in the U.S. each year.
Time is limited to escape a house fire. It can become life-threatening in as little as 2 minutes and engulf a home within 5 minutes, according to the National Fire Protection Association.
When you only have minutes to get out, correctly sized egress windows are a critical substitute exit.
Basement Windows in Older Homes May Be Too Small
Basements in older homes were not created to be sleeping or living areas. This is especially true for homes built before World War II.
Homeowners during that era used this kind of basement for utility space, laundry and storage.
Depending on its age, your home may have been built before up-to-date egress window requirements. Or it may have windows with a shorter opening.
If you own an older home, there’s a good likelihood it has short windows in the basement. Also referred to as hopper windows, these above-ground windows open inward to let in fresh air.
But these windows are small—too small for an adult or fully-equipped first responder to enter through.
How to Measure Your Basement Windows
Not sure if your present basement windows meet today’s requirements? All you need is a tape measure.
- Open the window as wide as possible.
- Measure the width and height of the opening.
- Multiply the width by the height.
Is your measurement equal to the required 821 square inches—or 5.7 square feet? If not, you need to have bigger windows installed.
Requirements for Egress Windows in Basements
Building codes mandate the size of basement windows. This allows for a quick exit in an emergency.
According to the International Residential Code, basement windows must have:
- An opening width of at least 20 inches.
- An opening height of at least 24 inches.
- A net clear opening of at least 821 square inches—or 5.7 square feet.
- A sill no more than 44 inches off the floor.
What if My Basement Windows are Below Ground Level?
If your basement windows are beneath ground level, you will need to have a well dug at the base of the window frame. This well needs to be at least 36 inches wide and 36 inches long. If the well is more than 44 inches deep, it will need an attached ladder or steps.
Using timber or concrete blocks in the well makes it uncomplicated to add steps. Plus, you can add several small landscaping features, like crushed rock or potted plant.
It's all right for basement windows to be under a deck or porch. But there should be enough room for an average-sized adult to exit.
There should be at least 36 inches between the top of the window well and the bottom of the deck or porch joists.
Other Requirements for Egress Windows in Basements
Because basement windows are an escape route, they must open from the inside. Any screens, grilles or bars need to be removable from the inside without keys or tools.
It’s also essential that basement windows can open entirely. The window sash shouldn’t impede the opening. This allows your family to quickly exit—or first responders to quickly enter.
Local requirements for basement windows may vary. Check with Albuquerque building officials to learn more about area guidelines.
Choosing Basement Egress Windows
There are several types of windows that work well for basements and satisfy building code requirements.
Casement windows are a good option for limited wall space. These windows open like a door, swinging free to provide an ample opening.
Casement windows open by using a handle. Pella® casement windows use a crank that folds away. That way, the crank won't get in the way of window treatments.
This window must have at least 8 square feet of net opening.
Sliding windows are great for adding more light to big basements. These windows have to be larger, because the opening is only half as wide as the window. This is due to the sash, which slides horizontally.
Sliding windows open by shifting the sash from left to right. Some Pella models feature extra-durable tandem nylon rollers. These rollers deliver even smoother operation.
This window must have at least 16 square feet of net opening.
Talk with the Professionals at Pella of Albuquerque
Basement escape windows are a necessity for downstairs living spaces. They can be a lifesaving tool in an emergency. Meet with our professionals at Pella of Albuquerque. We can help when you're remodeling your basement.
We can also assist you in finding the right window that matches your project, budget and local egress requirements.